Golestan National Park is the oldest national park in Iran and one of the oldest national parks in the world. Golestan Forest, another name of the Golestan National Park, has been listed as one of the best and also fifty ecosystems in the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1354, which is geographically located in the east of the Golestan province as well as west of the North Khorasan province. Which is one of the oldest and best national parks that has been registered, so it is one of the most valuable regions in Iran.
National Parks of Iran; National parks are a safe habitat for the life of many animal and plant species to preserve ecological processes and life systems, preserve watersheds, protect genetic diversity, preserve wildlife habitats, plant habitats, especially Rare plant and animal species, conservation of biodiversity in aquatic and terrestrial environments, conservation of natural heritage are protected and human intervention is not permitted.
According to the definition given by the Environmental Protection Agency: "The national park is a range of natural resources of the country, including forests, grasslands, natural gardens, forest lands, plains, water and mountains, which represent prominent examples of manifestations It is natural to be protected in order to preserve its natural condition, as well as to create a suitable environment for the propagation and cultivation of wild animals and the growth of herbs in completely natural conditions. "
Iran's forests are mainly located in the northern regions of the country and south of the Caspian Sea. The climate of Iran's forests is usually moderate and somewhat sultry. Iran's forests, which have a great diversity of plant species and animals, start from the eastern province of Ardebil and continue to the northern Khorasan province, along with the Gilan and Mazandaran provinces.
Iran's forests have a total of 3 million and 400 thousand hectares from the country, most of them in the northern slopes of the Alborz Mountains and Caspian Sea Provinces, with Golestan province having about 91 895 hectares The breadth is one of the most important and valuable industrial forests in the country. In general, Iranian forests are divided into two groups of forest; The northern forests and the forests outside the north.
The northern forests or hircanic forests belonging to the third era of geological geology, with an area of about 1 million and 84 hectares, comprise the northern part of the Alborz Mountains of Arasbaran and Astara in the province of Gilan and up to a Golidaq. One of the most important forests in the north is Golestan National Park
Dryland forests are divided into two Iranian-Turanian and Gulf-Omani regions. The Iranian-Turan forest zone is Iran's largest forested area, which includes southern slopes of the Alborz, northeastern, eastern, part of the southeast and central regions.
The semi-dry forests, mostly located in the adjacent to the rivers and streams of water, start from the Zagros Mountains in Sardasht, West Azerbaijan, and continue to the Kazeroon of Fars. This forest actually covers parts of West Azerbaijan, Kurdistan, Kermanshah, Ilam, Lorestan, Chaharmahal Bakhtiari, Kohgiluyeh and Boyerahmad, Fars, Khuzestan and also southern Alborz highlands, Sometimes it is densely forested and sometimes shrubs with dry pastures can be seen.